The home where Bertolt Brecht was born in 1898 is located near the historical town hall in the area of Augsburg known as the Lechviertel. The Bert Brecht Memorial, which pays homage to the German playwright and poet, is well worth the visit. On display are exhibitions on Brecht’s background, childhood and works. Furthermore, the Brechthaus is often used for readings.
Mozarthaus is the location where Leopold Mozart, the father of composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born in 1719. The elder Mozart worked as a musician, composer and music teacher. In the townhouse, built in 1700, one can visit a permanent exhibition about his life, the history of the Mozart family and the Swabian people who live in the Augsburg area.
The leading economic theorist Friedrich List was a pioneer in the customs union and the rail industry. He was born 1789 in Reutlingen and subsequently moved to Augsburg. At Holbeinplatz is a memorial plaque can be found on the house where he wrote his most famous work, “Das nationale System der politischen Ökonomie”.
This community within the city of Augsburg has housed its poorest citizens since it was founded in 1521 by Jakob Fugger, a major merchant and banker in Europe. The community consists of 67 buildings and approximately 150 residents. Today, it is the world’s oldest social housing scheme. Nearly 500 years later, the residents’ annual rent is still the value of one Rhenish guilder, the equivalent of 88 Euro cents.
The Fuggerei is a little town within a town with its own church and city walls. Visitors to the site can access a World War II bunker and a museum, which displays a house with original furnished rooms.
Franz Mozart, the great-grandfather of the famous musician, was the most prominent inhabitant.
Founded in the 11th Century, the Romanesque-Gothic Cathedral of Augsburg is a Roman Catholic church. Its crypt is preserved and the church is home to the oldest glass painting cycle in the world. Other artistic works in the cathedral include magnificent frescoes, four panels by Hans Holbein the Elder and so-called “Roman Walls” in the courtyard. The cathedral’s south portal, completed in the mid-14th century is carved with numerous reliefs.
Augsburg Puppet Theatre
The Augsburg Puppet Theatre opened its doors in 1948 in the historically-protected Heilig-Geist-Spital and has become one of the best-known German marionette theatres . Every day performances are held for children and grown-ups alike. Their productions, featuring the characters of Jim Knopf and Urmel, have become well-known throughout Germany. The in-house museum known as “Die Kiste”, documents the history of the theatre since it was founded by the Oehmichen family. It is the first museum which presented a special exhibition under the patronage of UNESCO in 2007.
The Schaezlerpalais, with its large collection of urban and national art, is centrally located on Maximilianstrasse. Among its collection it houses the German Baroque Gallery, paintings from the Karl and Magdalene Haberstock Foundation, the State Gallery and the significant Rococo ballroom dating back to 1767.
Visitors can climb the 260 steps to the viewing platform located at the top of the 70 meter (230 foot) Perlach Tower. Originally built as a watchtower for fires and enemies, it now offers visitors the best views over the city and the surroundings of Augsburg. Time your visit to listen to the sounds of the Tower’s 35 bells which chime daily at 11:00 a.m., 12:00 p.m., 5:00 pm and 6:00 p.m
Designed and built by Elias Holl in the early 17th century, the Town Hall is said to be the most significant secular Renaissance building north of the Alps. The stunning Golden Hall with its coffered ceiling and lavish wall paintings is the centerpiece of the building. In addition, bronze busts of Roman emperors can be found along the staircase and in the regency room and the Upper Fletz. Today, the historical building is on the list of monuments of the Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.
The Augustus Fountain in front of the city hall is the oldest fountain in late Renaissance style. The bronze statue of the Emperor Augustus points towards Italy.
This fountain is one of three ornate water features – along with the Mercury and Hercules Fountains – found in Augsburg.
This gold-plated ceremonial room is one of the symbols of the city. In 1882, the Imperial Chancellor Otto von Bismarck was welcomed there. The hall was damaged by bombing during World War II, but was rebuilt 30 years later and has been fully restored. Passing through the awe-inspiring entryway, visitors enter the Hall with its 14-meter high (46 foot) ceiling. The north side of the hall is decorated with Pagan emperors, the south wall with Christian emperors.
Augsburg is the site of the oldest water towers in Germany . The waterworks at the Red Gate (Rotes Tor) remained operational until 1879 and is completely preserved and is accessible to visitors. This water tower, as well as the Brunnenturm, provided the city with clean water. About 5 kilometers (3 miles) from these towers, the waterworks at Hochablass on the Lech River produces power for the municipal utilities and houses a technical museum as well as an information center.
Another popular spot in Augsburg is a water wheel which can be found in the Lechviertel area of Augsburg on the Schwallech, one of Augsburg’s many canals. While it no longer serves any technical function, it remains a monument to the history of hydropower.
Another local highlight is the Eiskanal, an artificial whitewater river. It was constructed as a canoe slalom course for international competitions .
In 2019 the historical water management authority will apply to have it recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.